The pre-eminent classical piano music to have emerged over the last half century , Ligeti’s Etudes have received numerous recordings – both in part and as a. In Ligeti’s own description of the Piano Etudes, he says, they are “Etudes in a compositional and pianistic sense”1 that “behave like growing organisms.”2 Upon. “Désordre” (), the first etude in the first book of piano etudes by György Ligeti . (–). After explaining how Gestalt principles can be applied to the.

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Lois Svard, Gyorgy Ligeti, Etudes pour piano. The dynamic range of this etude is more limited than others, although still quite wide — we only see p to fff.

Repeated notes, triplets, sixteenth notes, chromatic scales, chords and highly irregular rhythmic patterns occur.

Ligeti: Etudes pour piano

This creates a rhythmic atmosphere strongly resembling South American rhythms — strong beats and the motif. There is highly chromatic motion in both scale and chordal patterns ex. As stated earlier, Ligeti was enraptured by piano etudes of various composers from an early age. The structure of the etude is mostly chordal.

Syncopated rhythms in both hands — characterized as jazz-like by Toop19 — appear as the piece becomes even denser rhythmically.

Here, each of the pianist’s hands seems to be moving in a different space. The chromatic element again is present, combined with syncopation in the opposite hand. The various influences to which he has been exposed through the years are evident in his compositions.

Ligeti Piano Etudes, Bks 1 and 2 |

As mentioned above, the motion of sixteenth notes is continuous, sometimes in both hands and sometimes in one hand, with the other hand playing a melody consisting of syncopated rhythms ex.

Etudes pour Piano vol. It features a violent rhythmic pulse maintained by eighth notes. Metadata Show full item record. The first three etudes are dedicated to Pierre Boulez for his sixtieth birthday, as Richard Toop informs us A really odd occurrence is that the right hand bears an Eb and a Db as key signature, while the left hand poano marked with Bb, Ab and Gb. Abstract In Ligeti’s own description of the Piano Etudes, he says, they are “Etudes in a compositional and pianistic sense”1 that “behave like growing organisms.


According to Richard Toop, the titles are made up and linked to the pieces after they are composed.

The third movement is virtually a perpetuum mobile. The Hungarian Rebellion of was another major political event that had an impact on Ligeti. This results in a mixture of sounds that can only be characterized as haunting. The two hands are rhythmically and technically identical in the beginning of the piece, but then by adding a note at a time in one or the other hand, Ligeti breaks this evenness and creates the illusion that the left hand remains behind ex.

Ligeti over-exaggerates the dynamics, not taking into consideration that the piano as an instrument can only produce certain levels of soft and loud sound. A lower voice consisting of syncopations appears, to be followed by piaon introduction of a theme in the higher voice ex.

This shows again his reference to jazz music; only this time the pace is much slower than that in the previous pieces. The harmonic ftudes of the work is, in my opinion, definitely worthy of its title. Example 22a shows the beginning measures of the concerto. He looked up to the masters of etude composition and it seems that he wanted to leave his own legacy on the genre. It is highly polyphonic and in its harmonic construction, jazz influences are ligrti.

Ligeti was introduced to music at an early age, mainly through frequent concert attendances. The right hand chromatic chords move towards the high register of the piano, while the theme emerges even more clearly in the left hand ex.

Their directness of communication, innovative rhythmic texture, and virtuosic pianism place them among the most attractive and important works of contemporary piano literature. Ricordi, However, the complicated, yet highly organized configuration does not detract from poetic expression. Click here to sign up.

The eight etudes of the second book are considered to be even more difficult and complex than those found in the first book. As one might expect, his etudes are quite different than those of Chopin, Liszt and the rest of the great etude composers of the past few etudess Instead, quarter notes and longer values are applied.


Gradually, more chromatic layers are added, making the harmonies even more complex ex. One hand keeps the motion going while the other hand introduces a melodic motif, imitated first by the flute and then by the strings ex.

The feeling created by listening to this work is similar to that occurring from watching a Hitchcock movie: The second movement is the slowest movement. According to Svard, Ligeti considers this etude to be a fugue and it appears that the melodic motif occurs quite a few times in different pianl values After etudea end of the theme, chromatic motion is resumed in the left hand, which is directed to the lowest registers of the keyboard ex.

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Edition Francaise de Musique Classique: Alfred Brendel, quoted in Toop. The Lisztian influence is further reinforced by the final measures, where a descending passage dominated by chromatic octaves occurs — frequently encountered in Liszt compositions.

Pierre-Laurent Aimard opens a world of imagination in Ligeti’s piano music

Skip to main content. In this respect, they are like ilgeti Etudes of Chopin and Debussy. As the piece continues, the range is often 2 octaves only to lead lgeti to repeated notes, in groups of either three or four ex. Ligeti, however, was not totally satisfied until he completed and added two more movements to it, giving it its final form in Ligeti was not a piano virtuoso. Griffiths, Gyorgy Ligeti, The tempo is very flexible, with various markings such as rallentando, allargando, accelerando and more.