HERMES MERCURIUS TRISMEGISTUS PDF
The Divine Pymander, by Hermes Mercurius Trismegistus, tr. by John Everard, [ ], full text etext at Thoth Hermes Trismegistus is portrayed by the Egyptians as the moon god with the body of a man, head of an ibis, and a crescent moon over his head. Perhaps no character in history has formed the subject of so much and so varied study and speculation as that of Hermes Mercurius Trismegistus and we shall.
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Hermes Trismegistus Ancient Greek: Mercurius ter Maximus is the purported author of the Hermetic Corpusa series of sacred texts that are the basis of Hermeticism.
Hermes, the Greek god of interpretive communication, was combined with Thoth, the Egyptian god of wisdom. The Egyptian priest and polymath Imhotep had been deified long after his death and therefore assimilated to Thoth in the classical and Hellenistic periods. A Mycenaean Greek reference to a deity or semi-deity called ti-ri-se-ro-e Linear B: This interpretation of poorly understood Mycenaean material is disputed, since Hermes Trismegistus is not referenced in any of the copious sources before he emerges in Hellenistic Egypt.
Cicero enumerates several deities referred to as “Hermes”: Both of these early references in Cicero most ancient Trismegistus material is from the early centuries AD corroborate the view that Thrice-Great Hermes originated in Hellenistic Egypt through syncretism between Greek and Egyptian gods the Hermetica refer most often to Thoth and Amun.
The Hermetic literature among the Egyptians, which was concerned with conjuring spirits and animating statues, inform the oldest Hellenistic writings on Greco- Babylonian astrology and on the newly developed practice of alchemy. This latter tradition has led to the confusion of Hermeticism with Gnosticismwhich was developing contemporaneously. As a divine source of wisdom, Hermes Trismegistus was credited with tens of thousands of highly esteemed writings, which were reputed to be of immense antiquity.
Plato ‘s Timaeus and Critias state that in the temple of Neith at Sais there were secret halls containing historical records which had been kept for 9, years.
Clement of Alexandria was under the impression that the Egyptians had forty-two sacred writings by Hermes, writings that detailed the training of Egyptian priests.
Siegfried Morenz has suggested, in Egyptian Religion: The Hermetica is a category of papyri containing spells and initiatory induction procedures. The dialogue called the Asclepius after the Greek god of healing describes the art of imprisoning the souls of demons or of angels in statues with the help of herbs, gems, and odors, so that the statue could speak and engage in prophecy.
In other papyri, there are recipes for constructing such images and animating them, such as when images are to be fashioned hollow so as to enclose a magic name inscribed on gold leaf. Fowden asserts that the first datable occurrences of the epithet “thrice great” are in the Legatio of Athenagoras of Athens and in a fragment from Philo of Bybloscirca AD 64— Some authorities regard him as a contemporary of Abrahamand claim that Abraham acquired a portion of his mystical knowledge from Hermes himself Kybalion.
It was given by God to man in antiquity   and passed through a series of prophets, which included Zoroaster and Plato. In order to demonstrate the verity of the prisca theologia, Christians appropriated the Hermetic teachings for their own purposes.
By this account, Hermes Trismegistus was either a contemporary of Moses,  or the third in a line of men named Hermes, i. Enoch, Noah, and the Egyptian priest king who is known to us as Hermes Trismegistus  on account of being the greatest priest, philosopher, and king.
This last account of how Hermes Trismegistus received that epithet is derived from statements in the Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistusthat he knows the three parts of the wisdom of the whole universe. Another explanation, in the Suda 10th centuryis that “He was called Trismegistus on account of his praise of the trinity, saying there is one divine nature in hermrs trinity.
The Asclepius and the Corpus Hermeticum are the most important of the Hermeticathe surviving writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus.
The Divine Pymander
During the Renaissanceit was accepted that Hermes Trismegistus was a contemporary of Moses. However, after Casaubon’s dating of the Hermetic writings as being no earlier than the second or third century AD, the whole of Renaissance Hermew collapsed. During the Middle Trismegitus and the Renaissance the Hermetica enjoyed great prestige and were popular among alchemists.
The “hermetic tradition” consequently hermex to alchemy, magic, astrology, and related subjects. The texts are usually divided into two categories: The former deals mainly with philosophyand the latter with practical magic, potions, and alchemy. Magic spells to protect objects, for example, are the origin of the expression ” hermetically sealed “. The classical scholar Isaac Casaubonin De rebus sacris et ecclesiasticis merurius XVIshowed, through an analysis of the Greek language used in the texts, that those texts believed to be of ancient origin were in fact much more recent: However, the 17th century scholar Ralph Cudworth argued that Casaubon’s allegation of forgery could only be applied to three of the seventeen treatises contained within the Corpus Hermeticum.
Sayyid Ahmed Amiruddin has pointed out that early Christian and Islamic traditions call Hermes Trismegistus the builder of the Pyramids of Giza  and has a major place in Islamic tradition.
He writes, “Hermes Trismegistus is mentioned in the Quran in verse We took him up to a high place ‘ “. Thus, for the Abbasid ‘s and the Alid ‘s, the writings of Hermes Trismegistus were considered sacred, as an inheritance from the Ahl al-Bayt and the Prophets. In these writings, Hermes Trismegistus is identified as Idris, the infallible Prophet who traveled to outer space from Egyptand to heaven, whence he brought back a cache of objects from the Eden of Adam and the Black Stone from where he landed on earth in India.
According to ancient Arab genealogists, the Prophet Muhammadwho is also believed to have traveled to the heavens on the night of Isra and Mi’rajis a direct descendant of Hermes Trismegistus. Ibn Kathir said, “As for Idris He is in the genealogical chain of the Prophet Muhammad, except according to one genealogist Ibn Ishaq says he was the first who wrote with the Pen.
There was a span of years between him and the life of Adam. Many of the scholars allege that he was the first to speak about this, and they call him Thrice-Great Hermes [Hermes Trismegistus]”.
A late Arabic writer wrote of the Sabaeans that their religion had a sect of star worshipers who held their doctrine to come from Hermes Trismegistus through the prophet Adimun. Antoine Faivrein The Eternal Hermeshas pointed out that Hermes Trismegistus has a place in the Islamic tradition, although the name Hermes does not appear in the Qur’an.
Hagiographers and chroniclers of the first centuries of the Islamic Hegira quickly identified Hermes Trismegistus with Idris,  the nabi of surahs The first Hermes, comparable to Thothwas a “civilizing hero”, an initiator into the mysteries of the divine science and wisdom that animate the world; he carved the principles of this sacred science in hieroglyphs. The second Hermes, in Babylonwas the initiator of Pythagoras. The third Hermes was the first teacher of alchemy.
Modern occultists suggest that some Hermetic texts may be of Pharaonic origin, and that the legendary “forty-two essential texts” that contain the core Hermetic religious beliefs and philosophy of life, remain hidden in a secret library. Within the occult tradition, Hermes Trismegistus is associated with several wives, and more than one son who took his name, as well as more than one grandson.
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Hermes Trismegistus Thoth Poimandres. Corpus Hermeticum The Kybalion.
The Divine Pymander Index
For the main article, see Hermeticism. For the texts of the Corpus Hermeticum, see Hermetica. The Gods of the Egyptians Vol. Retrieved 7 August A Journal of Tradition and Modernity. First American Edition by Thomas Birch, The Great Pyramids of Giza”.
An Introduction to the Quran and Muslim Exegesis, p. Amiruddin An Authorized Khalifah of H. Memoirs of the Asiatic Society of Bengal, Volume 8.
Asiatic Society of Bengal. From pagan sage to prophet of scienceOxford University Press,p.
Yogi Publication Society, Masonic Temple. Trismegisus Dictionary of Religious Knowledge and Gazetteer. Dedi Djadjaemankh Rededjet Ubaoner. Book Ancient Egypt portal. Extra-Quranic Prophets of Islam. Retrieved from ” https: Views Read Edit View history. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikisource.