ENCAUCEMOS EL AGUA PDF
with the participation of more than children. Other workshops on environmental education included ‘Encaucemos el Agua’ (‘Let’s Give Water a Course’). Semana temática: Agua y Sociedad. Eje temático: Educación. Título de la ponencia: .. 2. IMTA/The Watercourse (). ¡Encaucemos el Agua! Currículum y. •Discover a Watershed Series. (Mexico and USA). •¡Encaucemos el Agua! ( Project. WET-Mexico). •UNESCO-IHP LAC Regional. Programme Agua y Educacion.
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Daily news relentlessly confirms that we have not been able to find a balance between the environment, the economy, society and culture. The trend of worldwide development is increasingly sl from sustainability and it seems that we cannot perceive evident and subtle interconnections required to understand the whole picture. Thus, issues such as the loss of biological diversity, weakening of cultural diversity and poverty, have usually been dealt with separately.
Nevertheless, they are in fact closely connected and relevant to sustainable development.
A holistic and more comprehensive approach for action at all levels is required to attain sustainability, as pointed out by the United Nations Decade of Education for Sustainable Development Water can be seen as one common thread to link those issues. On the other hand, Education must be at the core of sustainable development for either to be successful. Water education is therefore a core element to achieve sustainability. Watersheds are a natural starting point for a holistic, comprehensive approach, as they can be described as a physical-biological unit, as well as a socio-economic-political unit, which can be used for planning and management of natural resources.
A watershed perspective facilitates education to be locally relevant and culturally appropriate. Herein we will discuss some examples of watershed-based education in Latin America, addressed to provide a better understanding of local environmental, social, cultural and economic topics and issues from early childhood. Diversity education,education for sustainable development,Latin America,sustainable development,water education,watershed.
There is abundant evidence of unsustainable practices all over the world. Daily, mismanagement of resources and issues such as large-scale deforestation, indiscriminate construction and expansion of settlement activities, discharge of toxic wastes, and pollution of air and water are relentlessly pounding on the news. We built a development paradigm that cannot see the whole picture.
Particularly during the last century, we focused on snapshots of isolated parts of the systems, fragmenting the reality and losing interconnections. The loss of biological diversity, the weakening of cultural diversity and the poverty phenomenon should not be dealt with as independent issues, as they are closely intertwined and relevant to sustainable development, and therefore require a holistic and more comprehensive approach for action at all levels.
Water education is therefore a core element to achieving sustainability. Watersheds are a natural starting point for this holistic, comprehensive approach.
A watershed is a hydrological unit that can be described and used as a physical-biological unit, as well as a socio-economic-political unit, for planning and management of natural resources. Watershed-based education, including not only water education, but diversity education as well, can help build the required approach. Even when sustainable development has been polemic and pointed out as an oxymoron, it is the overarching paradigm of the United Nations. It encompasses respect for all life and natural resources, integrating concerns such as poverty reduction, health, human rights, gender equality, education for all, human security and intercultural dialogue.
Sustainability is a paradigm for thinking about the future in which environmental, societal and economic considerations are balanced in the pursuit of an improved quality of life. Thus, a prosperous society relies on a healthy environment to provide food and resources, safe drinking water and clean air for its citizens. Four intertwined dimensions shape sustainable development: Their ideals and principles include broad concepts such as environmental preservation and restoration, poverty alleviation, intergenerational equity, social tolerance, gender equity, justice and peace among others.
Water mismanagement has been a key driver of unsustainable outcomes around the world and is closely related to those four dimensions of sustainable development. Water education should be fostered in order to gain a better understanding of the importance of water to attain sustainability.
A quick glance to recent water issues in the Americas, can highlight the fundamental role of water to attain sustainability. Bolivia is the poorest country in South America. Nearly one child in ten dies before the age of five. The weak Bolivian economy was affected by hyperinflation in the s. After pressure from the World Bank, the Bolivian government put the state water agency up for auction for privatization. Only one bidder showed up: Aguas del Tunary, a division of a large American construction firm, involving also companies from England, Italy, Spain and Bolivia.
They promised to expand water service. To ensure the legality of the privatization the Bolivian government passed law To many the law appeared to give a monopoly over all water resources. Many feared that this included water used for irrigation by peasant farmers, and community-based resources that had previously been independent of regulation.
The tensions erupted two months after taking over the water system, when Aguas del Tunari was required to invest in the construction of a dam and raised the water rates significantly.
People, resentful and angry, took to the streets in protest that culminated in tens of thousands marching downtown and battling police. The national government was about to collapse and finally reached an agreement with the opposition group to reverse the privatization. The lack of water in Cochabamba is still an issue. The poor are still paying 10 times as much for their water as the rich.
Many other examples of current water issues can be found, for instance, at the Latin American Water Tribunal, an ethics tribunal -or hearing- to uncover crimes against equitable and sustainable use of water. While their resolutions are not legally binding, the attention of the national and international community to these hearings is fundamental to generate pressure to trigger change.
ESD is an umbrella for many forms of education that strives to rethink educational strategies, programmes, systems, methods and contents that currently support unsustainable societies. ESD aims to educate for a development that is environmentally sound, socially equitable, culturally sensitive and economically just.
This requires helping people develop attitudes, skills, perspectives and knowledge to make informed decisions and act upon them for the benefit of themselves and others, now and in the future.
Education is essential to sustainable development. Citizens of the world emcaucemos to learn their way to sustainability. Our current knowledge base does not contain the solutions to contemporary global environmental, societal and economic problems. These essential characteristics of ESD can be implemented in many ways, according to the unique environmental, social, cultural and economic conditions of each locality.
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A watershed-based focus is a natural way to address such conditions. ESD empowers people by enhancing and improving their capacities, through a combination of formal, non-formal and informal education.
It seeks to integrate the principles, values and practices of sustainable development into all aspects of education and learning, in order to address the social, economic, cultural and environmental issues we face in the 21st century. Water for Life,coordinated by UN-Water, the United Nations inter-agency mechanism of all relevant agencies, departments and fl involved with water-related issues. Being water essential for life, health and well-being, it is also crucial for sustainable development, including the preservation of our natural environment and the alleviation of poverty and hunger.
The Water for Life Decade aims to promote efforts to fulfill international commitments made on water and water-related issues bysuch as the Millennium Development Goals to reduce by half the proportion encaucemmos people without access to safe drinking water by and to stop unsustainable exploitation of water resources.
Among its central themes are: A decade is not enough to solve the problems created along centuries of unsustainable practices, and the success and synergy of encauemos above-mentioned decades is yet to be assessed, but undoubtedly, a call for action was and still is urgent.
Global water issues must be addressed through greater eo involvement at all socio-economic levels, among all water users and across all borders.
Fostering Sustainability Through Watershed-Based Education
People must be provided a deeper understanding of our complex environmental issues and the skills necessary to undertake the challenges of this century.
Sustainable water management is crucial to secure social and economic stability, as well as a healthy environment — achievable only as a result of cooperation and a commitment to education. Water education is therefore a core element to achieve sustainability, as we said before. Host Institutions vary from governmental agencies to water utilities and civil organizations, providing the program a wide scope. General Guide for Teachers of Latin America and the Caribbean, which comprises more than 30 fun, creative and sound activities incorporating encuacemos of the characteristics of the EDS listed above.
It is a broad curriculum that cares about knowledge, but also about doing, being, and interacting encaucemod others. It fosters enjoyable formal and non-formal learning through hands-on and relevant activities addressing life and issues outside school.
The program looks for community based, lifelong learning in order to enable and empower responsible citizens to adapt to change, recognize and solve local problems with global roots, dl other cultures with respect, and create a peaceful and sustainable society. Water education is not only about water, but about sustainability too.
The concept is not widespread and usually has no relevance within schools curricula. We have road maps, political maps, vegetation maps, but we seldom see a watershed map. Thus, we seldom understand that inextricably link among those who live in a watershed. By nature, every zgua has elements that make it similar to all other watersheds, yet each one is encaucems in its geographical scope, history, cultures, and water tensions. The differences among water users are heightened when combined with the differences in values and needs among countries, states or communities sharing a river.
A local decision intended to solve an le dilemma may have deep-rooted social, political, cultural, and environmental ramifications. Besides general water ejcaucemos principles, distinct, relevant education, specific to each watershed is also necessary. Education must include all stakeholders within the watershed. The watershed approach facilitates education to be locally relevant and culturally appropriate.
This is why watershed based education can constitute a holistic and encaucmos comprehensive approach for action at all levels. The Project WET Series Discover a Watershed, which promotes awareness, appreciation, encuacemos, stewardship and understanding of watershed topics and issues from an unbiased perspective, has served as a model and inspiration.
The key point is that the lessons or activities are linked to real issues occurring within the boundaries of a watershed, making it relevant to the people living there. It was only recently that Diversity Education gained attention. The importance of both natural and cultural diversity was forgotten or ignored for a long time.
Fostering Sustainability Through Watershed-Based Education « Journal of Sustainability Education
This is surprising as there are million indigenous people in the world, living in over 70 countries. Of the 6, estimated cultures in the world, 4, are indigenous. Many of them live in areas of high biological diversity and, for thousands of years, have developed lifestyles and cultures intricately tied to nature.
Their value and belief systems enable them to respect and live in harmony with nature, conserving the diversity of life upon which they depend. Cultural and religious beliefs and traditional spiritual values often serve to prevent overexploitation of fncaucemos and sustain the systems in which indigenous societies live for their own benefit and that of future generations.
The concept of the sustainable use of biological diversity is inherent in the value systems of indigenous and traditional societies. In the Mayan view of the world, every people, every culture, is a reflection of the natural world in which we live.
The great conservationist, Ek Leopold, said: Wilderness was never a homogenous raw material. It was very diverse, and the resulting artifacts are very diverse.
These differences in the end product are known as cultures. Water education can serve as vehicle to diversity education. Specially, watershed education can work together with diversity education to provide, within an interdisciplinary framework, solid basis towards sustainability.