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The fountains of Rome, built from pdagogiqke Renaissance through the 18th century, took their water from rebuilt Roman aqueducts which brought water from lakes and rivers at a higher elevation than the fountains.

Each of the major fountains was connected to two different aqueducts, in case one was shut down for service. Ancient Rome was a city of fountains.

The treatise on architecture, De re aedificatoriaby Leon Battista Albertiwhich described in detail Roman villas, gardens and fountains, became the guidebook for Renaissance builders. The most famous fountain built by Louis Napoleon was the Fontaine Saint-Michelpart of his grand reconstruction of Paris boulevards.

Its form, with a large circular vasque on a pedestal pouring water into a basin and an inverted vasque above it spouting water, was imitated two centuries later in the Fountains of the Place de la Concorde in Paris.

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Water spouts upward in the vasque and pours from the mouths of the lions, filling four channels dividing the courtyard into quadrants. The new fountains were expressions of the new Baroque art, which was officially promoted by the Catholic Church as a way to win popular support against the Protestant Reformation ; the Council of Trent had declared in the 16th century that the Church should counter austere Protestantism with art that was lavish, animated and emotional.

Stravinsky Fountainnext to the Pompidou Center, Paris Beginning in the 19th century, fountains ceased to be used for drinking water and became purely ornamental. These splash pads are often located in public pools, public parks, or public playgrounds known as “spraygrounds”.


To improve your search results, here are some tips: The other centerpiece of the Gardens, at the intersection of the main axes of the Gardens of Versailles, is the Bassin d’Apollon —71designed by Charles Le Brun and sculpted by Jean Baptiste Tuby.

Europe’s largest floating fountain”. English translation of excerpt by D. A bas-relief of the dragon is fixed on the wall of the structure of the water-supply plant, and the dragon seems to be emerging from the wall and plunging underground. A map showing the location of UK drinking water fountains is published on the FindaFountain website.

Even with the Machine de Marly, the fountains used so much water that they could not be all turned on at the same time.

Fontainiers watched the progress of the King when he toured the gardens and turned on each fountain just before he arrived. The architects of the fountains at Versailles designed specially-shaped nozzles, or tuyaux, to form the water into ast shapes, such as fans, bouquests, and umbrellas.

Two of Napoleon’s fountains, the Chateau d’Eau and the fountain in the Place des Vosges, were the first purely decorative fountains in Paris, without water taps for drinking water.

Paris fountains in the 20th century no longer had to supply drinking water – they were purely decorative; and, since their water usually came from the river and not from the city aqueducts, their water was no longer drinkable.

Besides these two monumental fountains, the Gardens over the years contained dozens of other fountains, including thirty-nine animal pdagogiqur in the labyrinth depicting the fables of Jean de La Fontaine. More recently, inthe FindaFountain campaign was launched in the UK to encourage people to use drinking fountains instead of environmentally damaging bottled water.

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Roman fountains were decorated with bronze or stone masks of animals or heroes. Fountain in the Place de la Concorde in Paris It is constructed of stainless steel, glass, and plastic. The aqueduct he restored, with modifications and extensions, eventually supplied water to the Trevi Fountain and the famous baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona.


Examples can be found today in the ruins of Roman towns in Vaison-la-Romaine and Glanum in France, in AugstSwitzerland, and other sites. That fountain still exists today, with a long basin of water and statues added in Most made little effort to blend with their surroundings – they were designed to attract attention. The 17th and 18th centuries were a golden age for fountains in Rome, which began with the reconstruction of ruined Roman aqueducts and the construction by the Popes of mostraor display fountains, to mark their termini.

Two fountains were the centerpieces of the Gardens of Versailles, both taken from the myths about Apollo, the sun god, the emblem of Louis XIV, and both symbolizing his power. Hero described and provided drawings of “A bird made to whistle by flowing water,” “A Trumpet sounded by flowing water,” and “Birds made to sing and be silent pdagogiquue by flowing water.


Apollo in his chariot about to rise from the water, announced by Tritons with seashell trumpets. The Buckingham Fountain in Grant Park in Chicago was one of the first American pddagogique to use powerful modern pumps to shoot water as high as feet 46 meters into the air. The theme of a fountain with statues symbolizing great rivers was later used in the Place de la Concorde —40 and in the Fountain of Neptune in the Alexanderplatz in Berlin High wattage lighting incandescent and halogen either as submerged lighting or accent pdaglgique on waterwall fountains have been implicated in every documented Legionnaires’ disease outbreak associated with fountains.