AREA SEMILUNAR DE TRAUBE PDF
(Traube’s space not labeled, but is in the left hypochondriac region.) Illu spleen. jpg. Spleen Traube’s (semilunar) space is an anatomic space of some clinical importance. . Human head – The human head drawn by Leonardo da Vinci. Looking for online definition of Traube semilunar space in the Medical Dictionary ? Traube semilunar space explanation free. What is Traube semilunar space?. Looking for online definition of Traube’s space in the Medical Dictionary? Traube’s space explanation free. What is Traube’s space? Meaning of Traube’s space.
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Traube’s semilunar space is an anatomic space of some clinical importance. It is a crescent-shaped space, encompassed by the lower edge of the left lungthe anterior border of the spleenthe left costal margin and the inferior margin of the left lobe of the liver. Thus, its surface markings are respectively the left sixth rib superiorly, the left mid axillary line laterally, and the left costal margin inferiorly.
The normal human spleen measures about millimeters in length, and splenomegaly is an important clinical sign. There are 2 possibilities to evaluate splenomegaly in the clinical examination: Beneath Traube’s space lies the stomachwhich produces a tympanic sound on percussion. Dullness to percussion over Traube’s space may indicate splenomegaly, although this can also be a normal finding after a meal or indicates left pleural effusion.
Hraube dullness to percussion may be more difficult in obese patients.
Traube’s space – WikiVisually
It is named for Ludwig Traubealthough it was first described by his pupil in Castell in Castell’s sign. Anatomical terminology — Anatomical terminology is a form of scientific terminology used by anatomists, zoologists, and health professionals such as doctors. Anatomical terminology uses many terms, suffixes, and prefixes deriving from Ancient Greek. These terms can be confusing to those unfamiliar with them, but can be more precise reducing ambiguity, also, since these anatomical terms are not used in everyday conversation, their meanings are less likely to change, and less likely to be misinterpreted.
By using precise anatomical terminology such ambiguity is eliminated, an international standard for anatomical terminology, Terminologia Anatomica has been created. Anatomical terminology has quite regular morphology, the prefixes and suffixes are used to add meanings to different roots. The root of a term refers to an organ, tissue. For example, in the disorder hypertension, the prefix hyper- means high or over, the roots, prefixes and suffixes are often derived from Greek or Latin, and often quite dissimilar from their English-language variants.
Latin names of such as musculus biceps brachii can be split up and refer to, musculus for muscle, biceps for two-headed. The first word tells us what we are speaking about, the second describes it, when describing the position of anatomical structures, structures may be described according to the anatomical landmark they are near. These landmarks may include structures, such as the umbilicus or sternum, or anatomical lines, the cephalon or cephalic region refers to the head. This area is differentiated into the cranium, facies, frons, oculus, auris, bucca, nausus, oris.
The neck area is called the cervicis or cervical region, examples of structures named according to this include the frontalis muscle, submental lymph nodes, buccal membrane and orbicularis oculi muscle.
Sometimes, unique terminology is used to reduce confusion in different parts of the body, for example, different terms are used when it comes to the skull in compliance with its embryonic origin and its tilted position compared to in other animals. Here, Rostral refers to proximity to the front of the nose, similarly, in the arms, different terminology is often used in the arms, in part to reduce ambiguity as what is the front, back, inner and outer surfaces.
For this reason, the terms below are used, Radial referring to the radius bone, ulnar referring to the ulna bone, medially positioned when in the standard anatomical position.
Other terms are used to describe the movement and actions of the hands and feet.
International morphological terminology is used by the colleges of medicine and dentistry and it facilitates communication and exchanges between scientists from different countries of the world and it is used daily in the fields of research, teaching and medical care. The international morphological terminology refers to morphological sciences as a biological sciences branch, in this field, the form and structure are examined as well as the changes or developments in the organism.
Human head — In human anatomy, the head is the upper portion of the human body. It supports the face and is maintained by the skull, which encloses the brain. The human head consists of an outer portion surrounding the bony skull. The head rests on the neck, and is provided bony support for movement by the seven cervical vertebrae, the face is the anterior part of the head, containing the sensory organs the eyes, nose and mouth.
The cheeks, on side of the mouth, provide a fleshy border to the oral cavity. To either side of the sit the ears. The twelve pairs of cranial nerves provide the majority of control to the head. The sensation to the face is provided by the branches of the trigeminal nerve, the sensation to other portions of the head is provided by the cervical nerves.
The head receives blood supply through the internal and external carotid arteries and these supply the area outside of the skull and inside of the skull. The area inside the skull also receives blood supply from the vertebral arteries, the head contains sensory organs, two eyes, two ears, a nose and inside the mouth a tongue. The human head typically weighs between 5 and 11 pounds, human faces are easily differentiable to us semiluna to our brains predispositions toward discriminating human facial forms.
When observing a relatively trqube species, all faces arez nearly identical, ancient Greeks had a method for evaluating sexual attractiveness based on the Golden Ratio, part of which included measurements of the head. In many cultures, covering the head is seen as a sign of respect, often, some or all of the head seilunar be covered and veiled when entering holy places, or places of prayer.
Re many centuries, women in Europe, the Middle East and this trend has changed drastically in Europe in the 20th century, although is still observed in other parts of the world. People may cover the head for other reasons, a hat is a piece of clothing covering just the top of the head. This may be part of a uniform, such as a uniform, a protective device such as a hard hat.
Reference charts for adult head circumference also generally feature homogeneous samples, one study in the United States estimated the average human head circumference to be 55 centimetres in females and 57 centimetres in males. Thorax swmilunar The thorax or chest is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen. The thorax includes the thoracic cavity and the thoracic wall and it contains organs including the heart, lungs, and thymus gland, as well as muscles and various other internal structures.
Many diseases may affect the chest, and one of the most common symptoms is chest pain, in humans and other hominids, the thorax is the chest region of aemilunar body between the neck and the abdomen, along with its internal organs and other contents.
It is mostly protected and supported by the rib cage, spine, arteries and veins are also contained —, bones. The area exposed by open-necked shirts, the V of the chest is sometimes the location of a skin disease polymorphous light eruption. In the human body, the region of the dw between the neck and diaphragm in the front of the body is called the chest, the corresponding area in an animal can also be referred to as the chest. The shape of the chest does not correspond to part of the thoracic skeleton that encloses the heart.
All the breadth of the shoulders is due to the girdle, and contains the axillae. Level with this line the second ribs join the sternum, at the lower part of the sternum, where the seventh or last true ribs join it, the ensiform cartilage trauhe, and smilunar this there is often a depression known as the pit of the stomach. The bones of the thorax, called the traubr skeleton is a component of the axial skeleton and it consists of the ribs and sternum. The ribs of the thorax are numbered in ascending order from The anatomy of the chest can also be described through the use ds anatomical landmarks, the female nipple is surrounded for half an inch by a more or less pigmented disc, the areola.
The apex of a heart is in the fifth left intercostal space.
Different types of diseases or conditions that affect the chest include pleurisy, flail chest, atelectasis, and these conditions can be hereditary or caused by birth defects or trauma. Any condition that lowers the ability to breathe deeply or to cough is considered a chest disease or condition.
The major pathophysiologies encountered in blunt chest trauma involve derangements in the flow of air, blood, sepsis due to leakage of alimentary tract contents, as in esophageal perforations, also must be considered. Blunt trauma commonly results in chest wall injuries, the pain associated with these injuries can make breathing difficult, and this may compromise ventilation. Rib — In vertebrate anatomy, ribs are the long curved bones which form the rib cage.
In most tetrapods, ribs surround the chest, enabling the lungs to expand and they serve to semiluna the lungs, heart, and other internal organs of the thorax. In some animals, especially snakes, ribs may provide support, the first seven sets of ribs, known as true ribs also known as vertebrosternal ribs, are directly attached to the sternum through the costal cartilage.
Rib 1 is unique and srmilunar to distinguish than other ribs and it is a short, flat, C-shaped bone. The vertebral attachment can be found just below the neck and the taube of this bone can be found above the level of the clavicle, Ribs 2 through 7 have a more traditional appearance and become longer and less curved as they progress downwards.
The following five sets are known as ribs, three of these sharing a common cartilaginous connection to the sternum, while the last two are termed floating ribs or vertebral ribs.
They are attached to the only, and not to the sternum or trauge coming off of the sternum. Some people lack one of the two pairs of floating ribs, while others have a third pair, in general, human ribs increase in length from ribs 1 through 7 and decrease in length again through rib Along with this change in size, the ribs become progressively oblique from ribs 1 through 9, the ribcage is separated from the lower abdomen by the thoracic diaphragm which controls breathing.
When the diaphragm contracts, the cavity is expanded, reducing intra-thoracic pressure. In fish, there are two sets of ribs attached to the vertebral column. One set, the ribs, are found in the dividing septum between the upper and lower parts of the main muscle segments, projecting roughly sideways from the vertebral column.
The second set, of ventral ribs arise from the vertebral column just below the dorsal ribs, not all species possess both types of rib, with the dorsal ribs being most commonly absent. Sharks, for example, have no ribs, and only very short ventral ribs. In some teleosts, there may be additional rib-like bones within the muscle mass, tetrapods, however, only ever have a single set of ribs which are probably homologous with the dorsal ribs of fishes.
In the early tetrapods, every vertebra bore a pair of ribs, the sacral ribs were stout and short, since they formed part of the pelvis, connecting the backbone to the hip bones. In most subsequent forms, many of these early ribs have been lost, frogs typically have no ribs, aside from a sacral pair, which form part of the pelvis. In birds, ribs are present as distinct bones only on the thoracic region, the thoracic ribs of birds possess a wide projection to the rear, this uncinate process is an attachment for the shoulder muscles.
Supraorbital ridge — The supraorbital ridge or brow ridge, known as superciliary arches in medicine, refers to a bony ridge located above the eye sockets of all primates. In Homo sapiens sapiens the eyebrows are located on their lower margin, the supraorbital ridge is a nodule or crest of bone situated on the frontal bone of the skull. It forms the separation between the forehead portion itself and the roof of the eye sockets, normally, in humans, the ridges arch over each eye, offering mechanical protection.
In other primates, the ridge is usually continuous and often rather than arched. The ridges are separated from the frontal eminences by a shallow groove, the ridges are most prominent medially, and are joined to one another by a smooth elevation named the glabella. Typically, the arches are prominent in men than in women.
Behind the ridges, deeper in the bone are the frontal sinuses, the supraorbital ridges, being a prominent part of the face in some ethnic groups and a trait linked to both atavism and sexual dimorphism, have a number of names in different disciplines. In vernacular English, the eyebrow bone or eyebrow ridge are common. The more technical terms frontal or supraorbital arch, – ridge or – torus are often found in anthropological or archaeological studies, in medicine, the term arcus superciliaris or the English translation superciliary arch.
This feature is different from the margin and the margin of the orbit. Some paleoanthropologists distinguish between torus and ridge, in anatomy, a torus is a projecting shelf of bone. Fossil hominins, in use of the word, have the frontal torus.
The Spatial model proposes that supraorbital torus development can be best explained in terms of the disparity between the position of the orbital component relative the neurocranium. Much of the groundwork for the model was laid down by Schultz. He was the first to document that at later stages of development the growth of the orbit would outpace that of the teaube.
Consequently, he proposed that facial size is the most influential factor in development, with orbital growth being only secondarily affected by size.
Clinical Medicine Update: Gastroenterology:Traube’s space
Weindenreich and Biegert argued that the region can best be understood as a product of the orientation of its two components, the face and the neurocranium. They proposed that during infancy the neurocranium extensively overlaps the orbit, as the splanchocranium grows, however, the orbits begin to advance, thus causing the anterior displacement of the face relative to the brain.
Neck — The neck is the part of the body, on many vertebrates, that separates the head from the torso or trunk.